Obesity is a chronic condition associated with many health risks. Incidence of obesity in Australia and across the world is increasing at an alarming rate. Obesity is caused by various factors such as sedentary lifestyle, hormonal disorders, family history, medications, energy imbalance, and age. Exercise Physiology is a therapeutic approach employed in the weight management of obesity.
Exercise Physiology Program
Exercise physiology is a technique that analyses the response of your body to the stress applied during a physical activity. It also helps in understanding the process of how your body adjusts to repetitive physical activity over a period of time. During an exercise physiology program, your trainer will work with you to improve your physical performance and aid in weight loss thereby making it feasible for you to carry out your daily activities effectively.
Candidates for Exercise Physiology Program
Most obese individuals have pre-existing health conditions such as cardiovascular diseases and chronic muscle or joint pain. Your doctor will perform a complete physical and determine if you are at risk. Your exercise physiologist will evaluate your body before developing an exercise program. Based on the evaluation, he or she can tailor the program towards your specific goals.
Different Types of Exercise Modifications
Some of the exercise modifications include:
- Non-weight-bearing exercises such as water activities, sitting aerobics, and stationary cycling.
- Recommendation of both supervised and unsupervised phases of exercise programs with changes in the duration, intensity, and frequency of exercise. Generally, obese patients associated with other health ailments participate in a supervised exercise program.
- A resistance exercise training program to improve muscle strength and metabolism.
- Obese individuals may have a reduced range of motion and are prone to risk of developing lower back pain and osteoarthritis. Range of motion exercises help reduce stiffness and increase joint flexibility.